Brenes A, Viveros A, Arija I, Centeno C, Pizarro M & Bravo C. 2003. The effect of citric acid and microbial phytase on mineral utilization in broiler chicks. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 110: 201-219.
Camden BJ, Morel PCH, Thomas DV, Ravindran V & Bedford MR. 2001. Effectiveness of exogenous microbial phytase in improving the bioavailabilities of phosphorus and other nutrients in maize-soya-bean meal diets for broilers. Animal Science, 73: 289-297.
Dilger RN, Onyango EM, Sands JS & Adeola O. 2004. Evaluation of microbial phytase in broiler diets. Poultry Science, 83: 962-970.
Driver JP, Antencio A, Edwards HM & Pesti GM. 2006. Improvements in nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolisable energy of peanut meal in response to phytase supplementation. Poultry Science, 85: 96-99.
Eeckhout W & De Paepe M. 1994. Total phosphorus, phytate-phosphorus and phytase activity in plant feedstuffs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 47: 19-29.
Farrell DJ, Martin E, Du Preez JJ, Bongarts M, Betts M, Sudaman A & Thomson E. 1993. The beneficial effects of a microbial phytase in diets of broiler chickens and ducklings. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 69: 278-283.
Godoy S, Chicco C, Meschy F & Requena F. 2005. Phytic phosphorus and phytase activity of animal feed ingredients. Interciencia, 30: 24-28.
Guo Y, Shi Y, Li F, Chen J, Zhen C & Hao Z. 2009. Effects of sodium gluconate and phytase on performance and bone characteristics in broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 150: 270-282.
Juanpere J, Perez-Vendrell AM & Brufau J. 2004. Effect of microbial phytase on broilers fed barley-based diets in the presence or not of endogenous phytase. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 115: 265-279.
Kirby LK & Nelson TS. 1988. Total and phytate phosphorus content of some feed ingredients derived from grains. Nutrition Reports International, 37: 277-280.
Kocher A, Choct M, Ross G & Chung TK. 2003. Effects of phytase on apparent metabolisable energy in broiler diets based on wheat or sorghum. Proceeding Australian Symposium Poultry Science, Australia, Page, 112.
Kornegay ET. 1996. Effect of Natuphos® phytase on protein and amino acid digestibility and nitrogen retention in poultry. In: Phytase in Animal Nutrition and Waste Management. BASF Corporation, Mount Olive, NJ. Pages, 493-514.
Kornegay ET, Zhang Z & Denbow DM. 1999. Influence of microbial phytase supplementation of a low pro-tein/amino acid diet on performance, ileal digestibility of protein and amino acids, and carcass measurements of finishing broilers. In: Coelho MB & Kornegay ET. (Eds). Phytase in Animal Nutrition and Waste Management. 2nd Revised Ed. BASF Corporation, Mount Olive, NJ. Pages, 557-572.
Miles RD & Nelson TS. 1974. The effect of enzymatic hydrolysis of phytate on the available energy content of feed ingredients for chickens and rats. Poultry Science, 53: 1714-1717.
Namkung H & Leeson S. 1999. Effect of phytase enzyme on dietary nitrogen-corrected apparent metabolisable energy and the ileal digestibility of nitrogen and amino acids. Poultry Science, 78: 1317-1319.
Nelson TS, Ferrara LW & Storer NL. 1968. Phytate phosphorus content of feed ingredients derived from plants. Poultry Science, 47: 11372-11374.
Oduguwa O, Pirgozliev V & Acamovic T. 2007. Energy metabolizability and digestibility of amino acids by broilers fed malted sorghum sprouts supplemented with polyethylene glycol, charcoal, phytase and xylanase. British Poultry Science, 48: 55-63.
Onyango EM, Bedford MR & Adeola O. 2005. Efficacy of an evolved Escherichia coliphytase in diets for broiler chicks. Poultry Science, 84: 248-255.
Pirgozliev V, Oduguwa O, Acamovic T & Bedford MR. 2008. Effects of dietary phytase on performance and nutrient metabolism in chickens. British Poultry Science, 49: 144-154.
Pirgozliev V, Karadas F, Pappas A, Acamovic T & Bedford MR. 2010. The effect on performance, energy metabolism and hepatic carotenoid content when phytase supplemented diets were fed to broiler chickens. Veterinary Science, 89: 203-205.
Ravindran V, Ravindran G & Sivalogan S. 1994. Total and phytate phosphorus contents of various foods and feedstuffs of plant origin. Food Chemistry, 50: 133-136.
Ravindran V, Bryden LW & Kornegay ET. 1995. Phytates: occurrence, bioavailability and implications in poultry nutrition. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews, 6: 125-143.
Ravindran V, Selle PH & Bryden WL. 1999. Effects of phytase supplementation, individually and in combi-nation, on the nutritive value of wheat and barley. Poultry Science, 78: 1588-1595.
Ravindran V, Cabahug S, Ravindran G, Selle PH & Bryden WL. 2000. Response of broiler chickens to microbial phytase supplementation as influenced by dietary phytic acid and non-phytate phosphorus levels. II. Effects on apparent metabolisable energy, nutrient digestibility and nutrient retention. British Poultry Science, 41: 193-200.
Ravindran V, Selle PH, Ravindran G, Morel PCH, Kies AK & Bryden WL. 2001. Microbial phytase improves performance, apparent metabolisable energy and ileal amino acid digestibility of broilers fed a lysine-deficient diet. Poultry Science, 80: 338-344.
Ravindran V, Morel PCH, Partridge GG, Hruby M & Sands JS. 2006. Influence of an E. coli derived phytase on nutrient utilization in broiler starter fed diets containing varying concentrations of phytic acid. Poultry Science, 85: 82-89.
Rojas SW & Scott ML. 1969. Factors affecting the nutritive value of cottonseed meal as a protein source in chick diets. Poultry Science, 48: 819-835.
Rutherfurd SM, Chung TK & Moughan PJ. 2002. The effect of microbial phytase on ileal phosphorus and amino acid digestibility in broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 44: 598-606.
Sebastian S, Touchburn SP, Chavez ER & Lague PC. 1997. Apparent digestibility of protein and amino acids in broiler chickens fed a corn–soybean diet supplemented with microbial phytase. Poultry Science, 76: 1760-1769.
Selle PH, Ravindran V, Pittolo PH & Bryden WL. 1999. An evaluation of microbial phytase in sorghum-based broiler diets. Proceeding Australian Symposium Poultry Science, Australia, Pages, 97-100.
Selle PH, Pittolo PH & Bryden WL. 2001. Individual and combined supplementation of wheat-based broiler diets with phytase and xylanase. Proceeding Australian Symposium Poultry Science, Australia, Page, 246
Selle PH, Ravindran V, Ravindran G, Pittolo PH & Bryden WL. 2003. Influence of phytase and xylanase sup-plementation on growth performance and nutrient utilisation of broilers offered wheat-based diets. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 16: 394-402.
Selle PH, Walker AR & Bryden WL, 2003. Total and phytate-phosphorus contents and phytase activity of Australian sourced feed ingredients for pigs and poultry. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 45: 475-479.
Selle PH, Ravindran V, Ravindran G & Bryden WL. 2005. Amino acid digestibility and growth performance interactions to phytase and lysine supplementation of lysine-deficient broiler diets. Proceeding Australian Symposium Poultry Science, Australia, Pages, 234-237.
Selle PH & Ravindran V. 2007. Microbial phytase in poultry nutrition. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 135: 1-41.
Shirley RB & Edwards HM. 2003. Graded levels of phytase past industry standards improve broiler performance. Poultry Science, 82: 671-680.
Simons PCM, Versteegh HAJ, Jongbloed AW, Kemme PA, Slump P, Bos KD, Wolters MGE, Beudeker RF & Verschoor GJ, 1990. Improvement of phosphorus availability by microbial phytase in broilers and pigs. British Journal of Nutrition, 64: 525-540.
Viveros A, Centeno C, Brenes A, Canales R & Lozano A. 2000. Phytase and acid phosphatase activities in plant feedstuffs. the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 48: 4009-4013.
Yu B, Jan YC, Chung TK, Lee TT & Chiou PWS. 2004. Exogenous phytase activity in the gastrointestinal tract of broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 117: 295-303.
Zhang X, Roland DA, McDaniel GR & Rao SK. 1999. Effect of Natuphos® phytase supplementation to feed on performance and ileal digestibility of protein and amino acids in broilers. Poultry Science, 78: 1567-1572.
Please cite this article as: Khan SA, Chaudhry HR, Butt YS, Jameel T, Ahmad F. 2013. The Effect of phytase enzyme on the performance of broiler flock (A-Review). Poult. Sci. J. 1 (2): 117-125.